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美国的盛餐会英文介绍Potluck in America

作者:stephen    文章来源:方向标英语网    点击数:    更新时间:2010-5-2 【我来说两句

Pot Lucks are popular party events in the United States of America and it is a large meal get-together organized by a family, a church, a group of students, or a department in a college, where everyone brings a different dish and all of the participants join each other for a fabulous feast of specialties. Because all sorts of things are brought to the table, everyone gets out more than they put in. It may sound old-fashioned, but I think it fits our modern lifestyle though it is somewhat against Chinese tradition that the host usually prepares all the food for the participants invited.


The idea of the potluck party is that no one family or an institution is burdened with the cost and preparation time of the meal and everyone gets to try something different that usually isn't made in their home. Pot Lucks are also great opportunities for neighbors and friends to meet, for colleagues and peers to share their stories in life and work, for people to make new friends, and for showing off specialties.


Although the term “potluck” suggests a random assortment of dishes, it's likely to turn out better when the host does some kind organization by discussing with and assigning your guests a specific course or beverage to bring along. Otherwise you might risk the chance that all of your guests will bring only desserts.

尽管“ potluck”一词含有随意携带食物之意,倘若主人与客人商议并分配下各自应带食品或饮料,效果可能会好得多,不然就有可能出现客人都只带餐后甜点的情况。

The host needs to get ready some plates, cutlery , napkins and other utensils. The host must also be sure to have enough room in the refrigerator and a few coolers standing by to keep everything cold that needs chilling and for keeping ice for drinks, etc.


There are different forms of potlucks. For a potluck between 10 and 30 people, a volunteer offers his or her home as hosting place. During my two-year stay in the U.S.A., I attended many of this kind of potlucks. One was the regular terminal get-together of the Modern Languages Department of University of Wisconsin-La Crosse outside the house of a professor by the Mississippi River. We shared various delicious food prepared by the professors and the facilitators from over ten nationalities including Mexican, Russian, Spanish, German, French, Indian, Moroccan, and of course Chinese.

盛餐会形式多样。出席人数在 10到30时,便在某个志愿者家里进行。我在美国呆了两年,多次参加过这种聚会。威斯康星·拉克罗丝大学现代语言系每学期末会在一名教授家外(在密西西比河旁)举行这种聚会。大家共享由教授们和来自十多个不同国家(包括墨西哥、俄罗斯、西班牙、德国、法国、印度、摩洛哥,当然还有中国)的师生们所准备的美味餐点。

Students at colleges and universities, especially international students, are fond of holding potlucks for their birthday, graduation, and other celebrations. Students usually arrange it in the evening and very often sing and dance crazily after the meal.


If there are over 30 participants, usually people prefer to put it in a church which is more spacious and almost all the utensils are available. (Sometimes, for a larger party, each participant may be asked to contribute an additional $1 or $2 for purchasing plates, cutlery, napkin and beverages.) A Chinese student delegation was welcomed by the local community of La Crosse city in Wisconsin in the form of potluck at the basement of a Christian church. About sixty people including the city mayor and many members of the Sino-American Friendship Association came to the party with a large variety of food and beverages. The Chinese, though not used to American food, were satisfied for they could choose their favorite.

如果前来参加的客人超过 30名,那么便看中了更宽敞的教堂来举行,规模更为庞大,几乎所有的餐具都派上了用场。(有时候宴会规模再大点,每位客人可能得另付1或2美元来购买盘子、餐具、餐巾纸和饮料。)威斯康星州拉克罗丝城当地社团就曾举办这种宴会来为一个中国留学生代表团接风洗程,地点就设在一个基督教堂的地下室,包括市长和许多中美友谊协会的成员在内的六十多人出席,会上有各种各样的食物和饮料,即使是不大习惯美国菜的中国人也能找到称心如意的美食。

At the end of the potluck, participants are expected to help host with the cleanup. It could be fun too — some of the best conversations happen in the kitchen. Upon leaving, usually guests express their thanks to the host for his or her organization and hospitality.


The potluck is an opportunity for members to meet, visit, and orient. You share diversity of cultures on food and experiences and strengthen the understanding and relationship in an easier way for everyone. Whether you are talking about food or anything else, when individuals come together to give life to each other through community, you've got a potluck.



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