60 Tons of Paint 浪漫花都的地标——艾菲尔铁塔 【已有很多网友发表了看法，点击参与讨论】【对英语不懂，点击提问】【英语论坛】【返回首页】
by Lars Berry
If you'd lived in Paris between 1889 and 1930, you would have enjoyed the sight of the world's tallest building. La Tour Eiffel was named after its head contractor, Gustave Eiffel, and was built to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution. It remained the world's tallest structure until it was surpassed by New York City's 319-meter-high Chrysler Building in 1931.
Today's towers built close to the Eiffel's height are most often used for communication. Television, radio, and cell phone companies depend on such towers to transmit their signals. But the Eiffel Tower was built before radio communication was necessary, and even before the radio was invented.
As one of the world's most famous monuments, the tower has attracted a lot of attention, but not all Parisians welcomed its construction. The French writer Guy De Maupassant supposedly hated the structure, but ate at its restaurant every day. When asked why, he remarked that it was the only place in the city from which he couldn't see the tower. During the years between 1925 and 1930, the tower acted as the world's largest sign, advertising cars for the French company, Citroen. When the German army invaded Paris in 1940, the lift cables were cut as Hitler's men stormed the city. However, German soldiers still climbed all the way to the tower's flagpole in order to fly the swastika.
Modern structures make the Eiffel Tower look small in comparison. Today's architects design populated buildings that surpass 500 meters—nearly double the height of the Eiffel Tower. Even so, the romance continues, and the tower welcomes over 6 million visitors per year. To keep the 118-year-old structure looking fresh, 60 tons of paint are reapplied every 8 years! Through it all, the grand old tower lives on.
如果你在 1889 年到 1930 年间居住于巴黎，便能一睹世界最高建筑物带来的景色。艾菲尔铁塔是以其主要承包商 Gustave Eiffel 来命名，用以庆祝法国大革命的一百周年纪念。直到 1931 年被 319 公尺高的纽约克赖斯勒大楼超越以前，艾菲尔铁塔一直维持其世界最高建筑物的地位。
身为世界著名的纪念建筑物之一，艾菲尔铁塔吸引了众多目光，但当初可不是所有巴黎民众都喜欢这座铁塔。据说法国作家莫泊桑很讨厌艾菲尔铁塔，但天天到里头的餐厅用餐。当被问起原因时，他说那里是城里唯一看不到铁塔的地方。1925 年到 1930 年间，艾菲尔铁塔可说是全世界最大的招牌，为法国汽车公司雪铁龙打广告。1940 年德国军队入侵巴黎，当希特勒的士兵势如破竹地攻进巴黎时，电梯缆线被切断。然而，德国士兵仍一路爬到铁塔的旗竿处，就为了挂上有纳粹党徽的旗帜。
和现代建筑物相比，艾菲尔铁塔显得小多了。现今建筑师设计超过 500 公尺可供人居住的大楼，几乎是艾菲尔铁塔的两倍高。尽管如此，铁塔浪漫依旧，每年迎接超过六百万名游客。为了让这座拥有 118 年历史的建筑物保有崭新的外貌，它每八年就必须重新漆上 60 公吨的油漆。一路走来，经过风风雨雨，这座古老的高塔仍屹立不摇。