雨果奖，是“世界科幻协会”（World Science Fiction Society，简称WSFS）所颁发的奖项，自1953年起每年在世界科幻年会（World SF Convention）上颁发，只有1954年度停办。正式名称为“科幻成就奖”（The Science Fiction Achievement Award）,为纪念“科幻之父”雨果·根斯巴克（Hugo Gernsback），命名为雨果奖。堪称科幻艺术界的诺贝尔奖。在世界科幻界，雨果奖和星云奖被公认为最具权威与影响的两项世界性科幻大奖。为世界最重要的科幻大奖之一，由世界科幻协会颁发。
The Hugo Awards are given every year for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories. Hugo Awards have been presented every year since 1955.
Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by members (supporting or attending) of the annual Worldcon (although only about 700 of several thousand Worldcon members actually vote) and the presentation evening constitutes its central point. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees (except in the case of a tie). Unusually, the nominees in each category include "No award," if a voter feels none of the other entries are worthy of recognition; if "No award" receives the most votes in a category, then none of the nominees receives an award.
The Hugo Award trophy was designed by Hoffman Bronze Company based on a picture by Ben Jason, whose picture in turn was based on a design by Jack McKnight and, earlier, Willy Ley. The rocket design has become standardised in recent years and the rockets are currently produced by UK fan Peter Weston. The design for the base on which the rocket is mounted is the responsibility of the Worldcon committee and therefore changes each year. The base design has been selected by various means including committee selection, direct commission and open competition (currently the most common method).
The 2006 Hugo Awards ceremony was held at the 64th World Science Fiction Convention on Saturday, August 26 in Anaheim, California. The 2007 awards were presented at the 65th World Science Fiction Convention in Yokohama, Japan on September 1. The 2008 awards were presented at the 66th World Science Fiction Convention in Denver, Colorado on August 9. The 2009 awards will be presented at Anticipation, the 67th World Science Fiction Convention in Montreal, Canada in August. The list of nominees for the 2009 Awards was released March 19, 2009 and is available on the official Hugo Awards website.